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December 27, 2012. Katyayani vrata ends

The daughters of the cowherd men who were of marriageable age worshiped goddess Katyayani to get Lord Sri Krishna as their husband.

Each of the young unmarried girls performed her worship while chanting the following mantra. “O goddess Katyayani, O great potency of the Lord, O possessor of great mystic power and mighty controller of all, please make the son of Nanda Maharaja my husband. I offer my obeisances unto you.”

Every day early in the morning, in the month of Margashirsha, the young gopis would go to the river Yamuna by holding hands and singing Krishna’s transcendental qualities, to bathe in the river. With a desire to obtain Krishna as their husband, they would then worship goddess Katyayani with incense, flowers and other paraphernalia.

In the course of one such day, the young gopis left their garments on the shore as usual and began playing in the water while narrating Lord Krishna’s pastimes. All of a sudden, Krishna Himself arrived there and took away all the garments of the gopis which were left on the shore and climbed a nearby Kadamba tree. With the intention of teasing the gopis, Krishna said, “I understand how tired you are from your austerities, so please come to the shore to take back your clothes.”

Pretending to be angry, the gopis said that the cold water of the Yamuna was giving them great pain and if Krishna did not return their garments, they would inform King Kamsa of all that had happened. However, if He did return their clothes, they would willingly carry out His orders as humble servants.

Krishna said that He had no fear of Kamsa, and if the gopis really intended to follow His orders and be His maid servants they should immediately come on to the shore one by one and take their respective garments. The gopis, trembling from the cold, came out of the water with their hands covering their modesty. Feeling great affection towards them, Krishna said, “While executing a vow you bathed in the water naked, and hence you have committed an offense against the demigods, and to counteract it you should offer obeisances with joined palms. Then your vow of austerity will give you the desired result.”

Following His instructions, the gopis, folding their hands in respect, offered obeisances to Krishna. Thus satisfied, He returned their garments. The young girls had become so attracted to Him that they could not leave. Understanding their minds, Krishna said that He knew they had worshiped goddess Katyayani to get Him as their husband. He told them that next autumn, their desire would be fulfilled.  Fully satisfied, the gopis returned to Vraja.





Comienza el katyayani-vrata (las gopis adoran un mes a la diosa Katyayani-Durga para obtener al Señor Krishna como esposo).

Un voto para observar austeridades y complacer a Katyayani Devi o Yogamaya Devi, la energía espiritual del Señor Krishna.


maya tatam idam sarvam
jagad avyakta-murtina
mat-sthani sarva-bhutani
na caham tesv avasthitah

“Yo, en Mi forma no manifestada, Me encuentro omnipresente en todo este universo. Todos los seres están en Mí, pero Yo no estoy en ellos”.

Bhagavad-gita 9.4

La Verdad Absoluta, Dios, lo es todo, pero eso no significa que todo es Dios. Por esa razón, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu y Sus seguidores visitaban los templos de los semidioses, pero no los veían de la misma forma que los impersonalistas.

Todo el mundo debe seguir los pasos de Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu y visitar todos los templos. A veces, los sahajiyas mundanos suponen que las gopis visitaban el templo de Katyayani con la misma mentalidad con que la gente mundana visita el templo de Devi.

Las gopis, sin embargo, oraban a Katyayani para que les concediese a Krishna por esposo, mientras que las personas mundanas visitan el templo de Katyayani en busca de algún beneficio material. Esa es la diferencia entre la visita del vaishnava y la del no devoto.

La Diosa Katyayani

Sin comprender el proceso de sucesión discipular, unos supuestos lógicos presentan la teoría de pancopasana, en la cual se adora a una de las siguientes cinco deidades: Vishnu, Siva, Durga, el dios del Sol o Ganesh. Siguiendo esa práctica, los impersonalistas imaginan que una de esas cinco deidades es la suprema, y rechazan a las demás.
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu y los vaishnavas no aceptan semejante especulación filosófica, que no es más que simple idolatría. Esa adoración imaginaria de deidades se ha transformado recientemente en impersonalismo mayavada. Por falta de conciencia de Krishna, la gente cae víctima de la filosofía mayavada, y, debido a ello, a veces se vuelven ateos convencidos. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, sin embargo, estableció el proceso de autorrealización mediante su propia conducta.

Como se afirma en el Chaitanya-Charitamrita:



sthavara-jangama dekhe, na dekhe tara murti
sarvatra haya nija ista-deva-sphurti

“El maha-bhagavata, el devoto avanzado, ve por supuesto, todas las cosas móviles e inmóviles, pero lo que ve no son exactamente sus formas, sino que inmediatamente ve en todas partes manifestada la forma del Señor Supremo. Al ver la energía de la Suprema Personalidad de Dios, el vaishnava recuerda inmediatamente la forma trascendental del Señor”.

Caitanya-caritamrita Madhya 8.274


Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita Madhya lila 9. 360