Calendario

August 9, 2012. Sri Krishna Janmastami

Krishna Janmashtami, Gokulashtami, कृष्ण जन्माष्टमी, Krishnashtami is celebrated by Hindus as the birthday or Lord Krishna. August 10 is celebrated as Janmashtami by Vaishnavas whereas Gokulashtami date for Smartha sect is on August 9 one day before the Krishnashtami celebrated by Vaishnavas.
According to the Hindu Calender Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated in Bhadrapada month on Ashtami tithi which happens to be the 8th day of Krishna Paksha’s dark half. It generally falls between 10th of August to 10th of September.

Mathura was led by Kansa a wicked king, who was also the uncle of Sri Krishna. He had a sister Devaki, who was married to Vasudeva. It was predicted that Sri Krishna would be born to Devaki and would kill the wicked king Kansa. This enraged Kansa and he had all the male child of Devaki killed, after imprisoning Devaki and Vasudeva. But since the eight avatar of Lord Vishnu was bound to kill Kansa, Sri Krishna was born in midnight. All the other children born to Devaki, except Balaram were killed.
The day Krishna was born it was raining heavily and there was thunder and lightning. Vasudeva came out of the jail with the child and found that the guards were in hypnotic sleep. With the help of Seshnag, the Cobra which protected the child from the torrential rains, Vasudeva managed to save the child from the cruel clutches of Kansa. Yashoda living across the Yamuna river had delivered a female child. Since she was also in a hypnotic sleep, Vasudeva exchanged the child and placed Sri Krishna near her and took away the female child. Kansa tried to get rid of the child but the child vanished into thin air by predicting that the person who was going to kill him was already born. Finally, Sri Krishna kills Kansa.


El Jueves 9 de agosto la comunidad Vaisnava en el mundo celebra el nacimiento de la Suprema Personalidad de Dios Sri Krishna.
 
Krishna Janmashtami o aparición del Señor Krishna, es el día en que
Krishna (Dios) se manifiesta en este planeta. “Janma” significa nacimiento y “ashtami” significa el octavo día del calendario lunar.
 
Krishna aparece el octavo día de cuarto menguante de la luna, en el mes de Bhadra aproximadamente agosto/septiembre del calendario occidental. Krishna apareció en la ciudad de Mathura en el norte de la India, hace 5.000 años. Como parte de las celebraciones, los devotos ayunan hasta la medianoche, porque este es el momento en el cual Krishna aparece.

Durante el ayuno el devoto trata de recordar a Krishna y sus actividades trascendentales mediante el canto de bhajans (canciones devocionales) lectura de los textos sagrados y cocinando para las Deidades y decorando el templo.

El nacimiento de Sri Krishna se llevó a cabo a la medianoche entre el primer y el segundo día. Las festividades reales comienzan a partir de dicho instante y durante un período de 48 horas. El Señor Krishna es mecido en su cuna, y es recibido en medio de gran cantidad de himnos, aratik y sonido de caracolas. 

La Deidad del Señor es bañada con Panchamrit (Una mezcla de leche, manteca, aceite, miel y Gangajal). El Panchamrit es posteriormente distribuido en el Prasadam a los devotos, junto con otros dulces y demás preparaciones.