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September 26, 2012. Appearance of Srila Jiva Gosvami

Srila Jiva Goswami appeared in the village of Ramakeli in the district of Maldah as the son of Anupama Mallik (Vallabha) who had made his residence there in order to serve in the government. The name of Jiva’s mother is not known. Narahari Chakravarti has given Jiva’s genealogy going back seven generations. This list, as explained by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Thakur has been given here in this volume in the chapter on Srila Rupa Goswami (page 14). Jiva Goswami’s father’s original name was Vallabha, but Mahaprabhu gave him the name Anupama. 

When Mahaprabhu came to Ramakeli, he met Anupama for the first time. By his desire, a spirit of renunciation took root in Rupa and Sanatan upon meeting the Lord on that occasion. This led to their abandonment of their worldly duties and possessions not long thereafter and they set off in an effort to be reunited with Mahaprabhu in Vrindavan. The same spirit of renunciation took hold in Jiva Goswami’s heart at this time also, as has been vividly described by Narahari in Bhakti-ratnakara as follows:
Jiva’s mind became distracted from the time that his two uncles went to Vrindavan. He abandoned his jewels and fine dress, his comfortable bed and his various amusements. It was as though nothing interested him any more. He could not bear hearing news of political and other material affairs. (Bhakti-ratnakara 1.686-8)
Narahari summarizes Jiva’s early life story as follows: In a dream, Jiva had a vision of Mahaprabhu dancing in the midst of sankirtan. He was overwhelmed by feelings of divine love and soon thereafter left his home in Bakla Candradvipa. He had some companions who went with him as far as Fateyabad, but from there he continued alone to Nabadwip. There he met Nityananda Prabhu in the home of Srivasa Pandit and received his blessings. Nityananda Prabhu told him at that time that he should go to Vrindavan:
With fatherly affection, Nityananda touched Jiva’s head with his feet. He showed incomparable mercy toward Jiva, lifting him from the ground and embracing him tightly. Transported by divine ecstasy, Nityananda Prabhu said, “I rushed here from Khardaha for your sake alone.” He said other things like this to pacify Jiva and then made Srivasa Pandit and the other devotees give their blessings to Jiva. After keeping Jiva there for some time with him, Nityananda Prabhu sent him off to the West... He said, “Hurry off now to Vraja. That is the place the Lord has given over to your family.” (Bhakti-ratnakara 1.765-9, 772) 

It is not clear whether Jiva ever met Mahaprabhu directly even though there is a hint in the Bhakti-ratnakara that Jiva was a baby when the Lord came to Ramakeli. Thus, Jiva demonstrated an interest in devotion to the Supreme Lord from his early childhood. Even when playing with his friends, he was only interested in games that were connected to the worship of Krishna.

When Jiva was a little boy, he refused to play any game with the other boys that had no relation to Krishna. He made images of Krishna and Balaram and would worship them with flowers and sandalwood paste and dress and decorate them. He would gaze upon them with unblinking eyes, looking for all the world like a golden doll himself, sitting motionless on the floor. When he paid obeisance to the deities, his eyes filled with tears. He would offer their Lordships sweets and then take the prasad and distribute it to his friends. (Bhakti-ratnakara 1.719-23) 


Srila Jiva Gosvami apareció en este mundo en 1511 y abandono el cuerpo en 1596.
Él era el sobrino de Srila Rupa Goswami.Jiva Gosvami tuvo la gran fortuna durante su infancia, de ver y asociarse con Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu quien colocó Sus Pies en la cabeza del entonces niño, Jiva,diciendo: "Este niño crecerá y será un gran preceptor de la Sampradaya Gaudiya!"
En sus estudios Srila Jiva Gosvami, sobresalía en los temas de gramática Sanskrito, poesía y retorica especialmente.

Cuando Él se enteró de que sus dos tíos tomaron el camino de la renuncia, y de que su padre había abandonado el cuerpo, se fue inmediatamente a Navadvipa, en busca de la misericordia deSri Nityananda Prabhu. Cuando llego a NavadvipaSri Nityananda. Prabhu le presentó a todos los asociados de Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, incluyendo a Saci-Devi y Srivasa Thakura y fue entonces que lo llevaron a peregrinar por Navadvipa Dhama bajo la orden de Sri Nityananda.

Srila Jiva Gosvami se fue más tarde a Varanasi a estudiar el vedanta de Madhusadana Vacaspati, un discípulo de Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, quien había oído de su maestro espiritual, la divina explicación de El Srimad Bhagavatan, quien había recibido este conocimiento de Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Srila Jiva Gosvami llegó a dominar esta conclusión y se fue a Vrindavana a encontrarse con su tío, Srila Rupa, y con Srila Sanatana. Srila Jiva Gosvami tomo diksa de Srila Rupa Gosvami y permaneció bajo su cuidado y guía, hasta que Rupa Gosvami entro en samadhi en 1564. Srila Jiva Gosvami fue proclamado como el líder de la filosofía Gaudiya Vaisnava

El estableció el "Visva Vaisnava Rajya Sabha", enseñó sanskrito y la filosofía Gaudiya Vaisnava a eminentes devotos como Sri Narattama Dasa Thakura, Srila Syamananda Pandita y Srila Srinavasa Acarya. Por su basta erudición, el atrajo a estudiantes de toda la India para así estudiar en Vraja. Entonces Vrindavana se convirtió en el centro-cabeza, de la Goudiya Vaisnava Sampradya.
Algunos de los libros que él escribió y que se encuentran en su estado original en la Biblioteca deVrindavana son:
Sat-sandarbhas, Harinamarta-vyakharana, Sri Madhava-mahotsava, Brahma-samhita Tika, Goplala-Campu, Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu Tika, Ujjvala-nilamani Tika, Laghu-vaisnava Tosani, Srimad Bhagavata Tika, Sarva- samvadina Tika, Radha-Krsna Arcana -candrika, Dhatu-samgraha, Govinda-virudhavili, Sankalpa-kalpadhruma, Bhavarthasucaka-campu y Sri Radha- Krsna karapada.

Srila Jiva Gosvami es el padre de la actual y transcendental distribución de libros y en el templo de Radha Damodara es el lugar donde comenzó esta distribución, 383 años antes de que Prabhupada viniera a América con su baúl lleno de El Srimad Bhagavatam sabiendo que laConciencia de Krisna erradica todo sufrimiento.
En 1582 Srila Jiva Gosvami les pidió en el Radha Damodara, a sus discípulos siksa, Narottam das Thakur, Srinavasa Acharya y Shyamanda Prabhu que compilaran todas la obras de losGosvamis y se las dieran a las personas de Bengal y Orissa.

namasastra vacarannaika nipanau sad dharma samsthapakau
lokanam hita karinau tri-bhuvane manyau saranyajarau
radha krina padaravinda bhajanandana mattalikau
vande rupa sanatana raghu yugau sri jiva gopalakau

"Ofrezco mis respetuosas reverencias a los Seis Gosvamis de VrindavanaSrila Rupa Gosvami, Srila Sanatana Gosvami, Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, Srila Ragunatha Bhata Gosvami Srila Jiva Gosvami y Srila Gopal Bhata Gosvami, quienes son muy expertos en estudiar minuciosamente todas las Escrituras reveladas, con el propósito de establecer los principios religiosos eternos para el beneficio de todos los seres humanos. Por ello son horrados en los tres mundos y es afortunado refugiarse en ellos ya que están absortos en el humor de las gopis y se encuentran dedicados al servicio amoroso y trascendental de Radha y Krsna."