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February 21, 2013. Bhaimi Ekadasi

Bhaimi Ekadasi (Jaya Ekadasi) It is said that if one observes upavasa on this day then one receives entrance to Visnu's abode, even though one has not performed the other vratas of the year. NOTE: The half day fast (vrata) for the appearance of Lord Varahadev is also observed on this Ekadasi day, and the utsav (festival celebration - pujas and feasting, etc.) is observed on the Dvadasi, which is when He appeared.

Yudhisthira Maharaj said, "Oh Lord of the lords, Sri Krishna, all glories unto You! Oh Master of the universe, You alone are the source of the four types of living entities " those born from eggs, " those born from perspiration, " those born from seeds and " those born from embryos. You alone are the root cause of all, Oh Lord, and therefore You are the creator, maintainer and destroyer. "My Lord, You have so kindly explained to me the auspicious day known as Sat-tila Ekadasi, which occurs during the dark fortnight (krishna paksha) of the month of Magha (January - February). Now please explain to me the Ekadasi that occurs in the light fortnight (shukla or Gaura paksha) of this month. By what name is it known, and what is the process for observing it? Who is the presiding Deity that is to be worshipped on this sublime day, which is so very dear to You? Lord Sri Krishna replied, "Oh Yudhisthira, I shall gladly tell you about the Ekadasi that occurs during the light half of this month of Magha. 


This Ekadasi obliterates all kinds of sinful reactions and demoniac influences that may be affecting the spirit soul. It is known as Jaya Ekadasi, and the fortunate soul who observes a fast on this sacred day is relieved of the great burden of ghostly existence. Thus there is no better Ekadasi than this, for it truly bestows freedom from birth and death. It is to be honoured very carefully and diligently. So you to listen to Me very attentively, Oh Pandava, as I explain a wonderful historic episode regarding this Ekadasi, an episode that I have already related in the Padma Purana. Long, long ago in the heavenly planets, Lord Indra ruled his celestial kingdom very nicely, and all the devas (demigods) living there were very happy and content. In Nandana Forest, which was beautifully graced with Parijata Flowers, Indra drank ambrosia whenever he liked and enjoyed the service of fifty million celestial maidens, the Apsaras, who danced in ecstasy for his pleasure. Many singers, led by Pushpadanta, sang in sweet voices beyond compare. Chitrasena, Indra's chief musician was there in the company of his wife Malini and his handsome son Malyavan. An Apsara named Pushpavati became very much attracted to Malyavan; indeed Cupid's sharp arrows pierced the core of her heart. Her beautiful body and complexion, along with the enchanting movements of her eyebrows, captivated Malayavan. "Oh King, listen as I describe the splendid beauty of Pushpavati: She has incomparably graceful arms with which to embrace a man like a fine silken noose; her face resembles the Moon; her lotus eyes reached almost to her lovely ears, which were adorned with wonderful and costly ear-rings; her thin, ornamented neck looked like a conch, having three lines; her waist was very slender, the size of a fist; her hips were broad, and her thighs like the trunks of banana trees; her naturally beautiful features were complemented by gorgeous ornaments and garments; her breasts were highly raised emphasizing her prime of youth; and to look upon her feet was to behold newly grown red lotuses. Seeing Pushpavati in all her heavenly beauty, Malyavan was bewitched at once.

 They had come with the other performers to please Lord Indra by singing and dancing enchantingly, but because they had become so enamored of each other, pierced through the heart by the arrows of Cupid, lust personified, they were utterly unable to sing or dance properly before the lord and master of the heavenly realms. Their pronunciation was wrong and their rhythm careless. Lord Indra understood the source of the errors at once. Offended at the discord in the musical performance, he became very angry and screamed, "You useless fools! You pretend to sing for me while in a stupour of infatuation with each other! You are mocking me! I curse you both to suffer henceforth as pisachas (hobgoblins). As husband and wife, go to the earthly regions and reap the reactions of your offenses.' Struck dumb by these harsh words, Malyavan and Pushpavati at once became morose and fell from the beautiful Nandana Forest in the kingdom of heaven to a Himalayan peak here on planet Earth. Immeasurably distressed, and their celestial intelligence vastly diminished by the effects of lord Indra's fierce curse, they lost their sense of taste and smell, and even their sense of touch. It was so cold and miserable high on the Himalayan wastes of snow and ice that they could not even enjoy the oblivion of sleep. "Roaming aimlessly hither and thither in those harsh altitudes, Malyavan and Pushpavati suffered more and more, from one moment to the next. Even though they were situated in a cave, because of the snowfall and cold their teeth chattered ceaselessly, and their hair stood on end because of their fright and bewilderment. In this utterly desperate situation, Malyavan said to Pushpavati, 'What abominable sins did we commit to have to suffer in these pisacha bodies, in this impossible environment? This is absolutely hellish! Though hell is very ferocious, the suffering we are undergoing here is even more abominable. 

Therefore it is abundantly clear that one should never commit sins." And so the forlorn lovers trudged onward in the snow and ice. By their great good fortune, however, it so happened that very day was the all auspicious Jaya (Bhaimi) Ekadasi, the Ekadasi of the light fortnight of the month of Magha. Because of their misery they neglected to drink any water, kill any game, or even eat whatever fruits and leaves were available at that altitude, they unknowingly observed Ekadasi by fasting completely from all food and drink. Sunk in misery Malyavn and Pushpavati collapsed beneath a Pipal tree and did not even try to get up. The Sun had set by that time. The night was even colder and more miserable than the day. They shivered in the frigid snowfall as their teeth chattered in unison, and when they became numb, they embraced just to keep warm. Locked in each others arms, they could not enjoy neither sleep nor sex. Thus they suffered through the whole night under the powerful curse of the deva Indra. "Still, Oh Yudhisthira, by the mercy of the fast they had by chance (unknowingly) observed on Jaya Ekadasi, and because they had remained awake all night, they were blessed. Please hear what happened on the next day. As Dwdasi dawned, Malyavn and Pushpavati had given up their demoniac forms and were once again beautiful heavenly beings wearing lustrous ornaments and exquisite garments. As they both looked at each other in amazement, a celestial airplane (vimana) arrived on the spot for them. A chorus of heavenly denizens sang their praises as the reformed couple stepped into the beautiful aircraft and proceeded directly to the heavenly regions, buoyed up by the good wishes of everyone. Soon Malyavan and Pushpavati arrived at Amaravati, Lord Indra's capital city, and then they immediately went before their lord (Indradev) and offered him their cheerful obeisances. "Lord Indra was astonished to see that they had been transformed, restored to their original status and forms so soon after he had cursed them to suffer as demons far, far below his celestial kingdom. Indradeva ask of them, 'What extraordinary meritorious deeds have you performed so that you could give up your pisacha bodies so quickly after I cursed you? Who released you from my irresistible curse? "Malyavan replied, 'Oh lord, it was by the extreme mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna (Vasudeva) and also by the powerful influence of the Jaya Ekadasi, that we were released from our suffering condition as pisachas. This is the truth, Oh master, because we executed devotional service to Lord Vishnu (even performed unknowingly - by ajnata sukriti) by observing the day most dear to Him, we have happily been restored to our former status." "Indradev then said, 'Because you served the Supreme Lord Sri Keshava by observing Ekadasi, you have become worshippable even by me, and I can see that you are now completely purified of sin. Whosoever engages in devotional service to Lord Sri Hari or Lord Shiva becomes praiseworthy and worshippable even by me. 

Of this there is no doubt.' Lord Indradev then gave Malyavan and Pushpavati free rein to enjoy each other and wander about his heavenly planet as they wished. "Therefore, Oh Maharaj Yudhisthira, one should strictly observe a fast on the sacred day of Lord Hari, especially on this Jaya Ekadasi, which frees one from the sin of killing even a twice born brahmin. A great soul who observes this fast with full faith and devotion has in effect given all kinds of charity, performed all kinds of sacrifice, and bathed in all the Holy places of pilgrimage. Fasting on Jaya Ekadasi qualifies one to reside in Vaikuntha and enjoy unending happiness for billions of yugas - indeed, forever as the soul is eternal.

 Oh great king, Lord Sri Krishna continued, one who even hears or reads these wonderful glories of Jaya Ekadasi achieves the blessed merit attained by performing an Agnistoma fire sacrifice, during which the hymns from the Sama-veda are recited." Note on Cupid: Kamadeva, lust personified, has five names according to the Amara-kosha dictionary: kandarpa darpako 'nanga kamah pancha-sharaih smarah "Cupid has five names; (1) Cupid; (2) Darpaka, 'he who prevents future events'; (3) Ananga, 'he who has no physical body'; (4) Kama, 'lust personified'; and (5) Pancha-sharaih, 'he who holds five arrows' ". Kandarpa: In the tenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita (BG 10:28.) Lord Sri Krishna says, prajanash casmi kandarpah; "Of causes for procreation, I am Kandarpa". The word Kandarpa also means "very beautiful". Kandarpa appeared as Lord Krishna's son Pradyumna in Dwaraka.

 Darpaka: This name indicates that Cupid can perceive what is to take place and prevent it from happening. Specifically, he tries to impede pure spiritual activity by alluring one's mind and forcibly engaging one in material sense enjoyment. Ananga: Once, when Cupid disturbed the meditation of Lord Shiva, that powerful deva (demigod) burned him (Cupid) to ashes. Still, Shiva gave Cupid the benediction that he would act in the world even without a physical body - like a ghost. Kama: In Bhagavad Gita BG 7:11.) Lord Sri Krishna says, dharmaviruddho bhuteshu kamo'smi: "I am sex life which is not contrary to religious principles." Pancha-sharaih: The five arrows with which Cupid pierces the mind of the living entities are taste, touch, sound, smell, and sight. These are the five names of the empowered deva Cupid, who enchants all living entities and makes them do whatever he wants. Without receiving the mercy of Guru and Krishna one cannot resist his power. Thus ends the narration of the glories of Magha-shukla Ekadasii, or Jaya Ekadasi, from the Bhavishya-uttara Purana.


Yudhisthira Maharaja dijo: Oh, Señor de Señores, Sri KRSNA todas las glorias a Tí, Oh, maestro del Universo!, Tú solo eres el origen de los 4 tipos de entidades vivientes. Aquellos nacidos de huevos, aquellos nacidos de transpiración, aquellos nacidos de semillas y aquellos nacidos de embriones. Tú solo eres la raíz causa de todo, Oh, Señor!, de ese modo Tú eres el creador, mantenedor y destructor.

Mi Señor, Tú has bondadosamente explicado a mi el auspicioso día conocido como Sat-tila Ekadasi que ocurre durante la oscura quincena del mes de Magha (enero-febrero). Ahora por favor explica el Ekadasi que ocurre durante la quincena de este mes. Por qué nombre es este conocido?, cuál es el proceso para observarlo?, cuál es la deidad que es adorada en ese sublime día, que es muy querido a Tí?.


El Señor Sri KRSNA respondió: Oh, Yudhisthira!, Yo voy encantado de decirte acerca del Ekadasi que ocurrió durante la mitad del mes de Magha. Este Ekadasi destruye toda clase de actividades pecaminosas que afectan el alma espiritual. Este es conocido como Jaya Ekadasi y el alma afortunada que observa un ayuno en este sagrado día es aliviada de la gran carga de la existencia fantasmal. De esta forma no hay mejor Ekadasi, que regala libertad de nacimientos y muertes. Este debe ser honrado muy ciudadosamente y diligentemente.


Así que Yo hablo a tí para que me escuches atentamente. Oh, Pandava!, Yo explico un histórico episodio a través de este Ekadasi, un episodio que Yo ya he relatado en el Padma Purana.


Hace mucho pero mucho tiempo, en los planetas celestiales, el Señor Indra reinaba su reino celestial muy delicadamente, y todos los semidioses viviendo allá eran muy felices y contentos. En el Bosque de Nandana que era agraciado con flores parijata, Indra tomo ambrosía cuando quiera que él gustaba y disfrutaba del servicio de 50 millones de chicas vírgenes celestiales, las Apsaras quienes danzaban en extasis por su placer de Indra. Muchas cantantes como Puspadanta cantaban en dulces voces. Citrasena, él músico principal de Indra, estaba allá en companía de su esposa Malini y su hermoso hijo Malyavan. Una apsara llamada Puspavati se convirtió muy atractiva para Malyavan. De esa forma las flechas de cupido penetró al centro de su corazón. Su hermoso cuerpo y cutis con sus movimientos de sus ojos marrones cautivaron a Malyavan.


Oh, Rey escuche como Yo describo la expléndida belleza de Puspavati: Ella tenía incomparablemente unos brazos hermosos que cuando abrazaba a un hombre era como un lazo sedoso. Su cara remalcaba la luna, sus ojos de loto alcanzaban a sus amorosos oidos, que eran adornados con hermosos aretes. Era delgada, cuello ornamentado como una concha, su cintura era muy delgada, su tamaño como el de un puño, sus caderas eran amplias y sus muslos como los troncos de los árboles banianos. Su hermosa naturaleza caracterizada estaban completamente vistosa ornamentada y vestida, sus pechos estaban altamente alzados.


Viendo Puspavati en todo su belleza celestial, Malyavan estaba hechizado con ella. Ellos habían venido con otros ejecutores para complacer al Señor Indra por cantar y bailar encantadamente, pero porque ellos se habían enamorado así penetrando así su corazón por las flechas de cupido, la lujuria personificada, ellos estaban totalmente incapacitados de cantar o danzar apropiadamente ante el Señor y el maestro de los reinos celestiales. Su pronunciación era mala y su ritmo muy defectuoso.


El Señor Indra entendió el sonido de sus errores. Ofendido a la discordia de la ejecución musical El se convirtió muy molesto y gritó: Ustedes tontos incapaces, ustedes pretenden cantar para mí. Ustedes se están burlando de mí. Yo maldigo a los dos para sufrir de aquí an adelante como pisacas (duendes). Como esposo y esposa vayan a las regiones terrenales y cosechen las reacciones de sus ofensas.


Quedandose mudos por esas duras palabras, Malyavan y Puspavati una vez convertido en un infierno de un hermoso bosque Nandana en el reino del cielo a las cumbres de los Himalayas aquí en el planeta tierra.


Inmesurablemente angustiados y su vasta inteligencia celestial disminuyó por los efectos de la maldición de Indra, Ellos perdieron sus sentidos del sabor, del olfato y sus sentidos del tacto. Esto era así de miserable y frío en la cima de los Himalayas, desolado de nieve y hielo que ellos no podían ni siquiera divertirse. Vagando sin objeto de acá para allá en esas duras alturas, Malyavan y Puspavati sufrieron más y más de un momento al otro. Ni siquiera ellos podían situarse en una cueva porque la nieve caía y con el frío sus dientes temblaban incesantemente y sus cabellos se caían debido al susto y aturdimiento. En esta desesperada situación Malyavan dijo a Puspavati: Que abominables pecados nosotros cometimos para estar sufriendo en estos cuerpos de pisaca en este imposible medio ambiente. Esto es absolutamente infernal. Si el infierno es muy terrible los sufrimientos que nosotros estamos pasando aquí es mucho más abominables.


Así los amados abandonados caminaron penosamente sobre la nieve y el hielo. Por su gran fortuna, sin embargo, este era un día que era Jaya Ekadasi, el Ekadasi de la quincena del mes de Magha. Porque en su miseria, Ellos descuidaron de no tomar nada de agua, ni siquiera frutas y hojas estaban disponibles a esa altura, Ellos desconocidamente observaron Ekadasi de ayunar completamente de toda comida y bebida.


Sumergidos en miseria Malyavan y Puspavapi desmayaron debajo de un árbol pipal y ni siquiera pudierkn levantarse. El sol se había ocultado. La noche era más friolenta y más miserable que el día. Ellos sentían escalofrío de la nieve que caía y sus dientes temblaban en unison y cuando ellos se entorpecieron, ellos se abrazaron para tener calor. Miraron en cada uno de sus brazos, ellos tampoco no pudieron dormir o tener sexo. De ese modo, ellos sufrieron a través de la noche abajo de la poderosa maldición de Indra.


Aún, Oh, Yudhisthira!, por la merced del ayuno que ellos tuvieron por observar Jaya Ekadasi y porque ellos habían permanecido despiertos toda la noche, ellos fueron bendecidos.


Por favor escucha lo que pasó al otro día. Como Dvadasi vino, Malyavan y Puspavati habían dejado sus formas demoniacas y otra vez eran los seres celestiales vestidos con ornamentos lustrosos y esquisitas guirnaldas. Un coro de ciudadanos celestiales cantaron sus oraciones directamente de las regiones celestiales. De pronto Malyavan y Puspavati llegaron al Amaravati, la Ciudad de la capital del Señor Indra y entonces ellos inmediatamente llegaron ante su Señor y le ofrecieron sus respetuosas reverencias. El Señor Indra estaba asombrado de ver que ellos retrocedieron a sus formas originales y tan pronto él los había maldecido para sufrir como demonios lejos muy lejos debajo de su reino celestial.


Indra les preguntó: Qué extraordinarios méritos alimentados ustedes han ejecutado, así que ustedes dejaron sus cuerpos de pisacas tan pronto después que los maldecí?. Quién los liberó de mi irresistible maldición?.


Malyavan respondió: Oh, Señor!, esto fue por la merced de la Suprema Personalidad de Dios, Señor Vasudeva y también por la poderosa influencia de Jaya Ekadasi, que nosotros estabamos liberándonos de nuestra condición sufrida como pisacas. Esto es la verdad, Oh, Maestro: porque nosotros ejecutamos servicio devocional al Señor Visnu por observar Jaya Ekadasi el día más querido a El, nosotros hemos felizmente restablecido de nuestras formas legales.


Indra dijo: Porque ustedes sirvieron al Supremo Señor Kesava, por observar Ekadasi, ustedes se han convertido en adorables para mí y Yo puedo ver que ustedes son ahora completamente purificados de pecado. Quien quiera que se ocupe en Servicio Devocional al Señor Hari o al Señor Siva se convierte adorable y digno de alabanza por mí. De esto no hay ninguna duda.


El Señor Indra entonces le dio a Malyavan y Puspavati libre riendas de divertirse en cada sitio y en cualquier parte de los planetas celestiales.


De esta forma, Oh, Yudhisthira!, uno podría observar estrictamente Ekadasi, el día del Señor Ekadasi especialmente en Jaya-Ekadasi, que libre de todo pecado incluso el de matar un brahmana. Una gran alma quien observa este ayuno con gran fe y devoción tiene el resultado dado de toda clase de caridad, ejecutar toda clase de sacrificio y bañarse en todos los lugares Santos de peregrinaje. Ayunando en Jaya-Ekadasi cualifica a uno de residir en Vaikuntha y gozando sin término felices por millones de yugas de esa forma, para siempre.


Oh, Gran Rey!, uno que escucha o lee estas glorias de Jaya Ekadasi gana las bendiciones de mérito conseguidas de ejecutar un sacrificio Agnistoma durante los himnos de los Samaveda son recitados.


De esa forma termina las glorias de Magha-Sukla Ekadasi o Jaya Ekadasi de Bhavisya-Uttara Purana.